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Canada-U.s. Free Trade Agreement

The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) is an agreement between Canada and the United States that went into effect on January 1, 1989, and was superseded by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on January 1, 1994. The CUSFTA was an important step in the economic integration of the two countries, as it eliminated tariffs on most goods and services traded between Canada and the U.S.

The negotiations for the CUSFTA began in 1986, and the agreement was signed by Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and U.S. President Ronald Reagan on January 2, 1988. The agreement was designed to promote trade between the two countries by removing barriers to the flow of goods and services, and by harmonizing regulations and standards.

Under the CUSFTA, the two countries agreed to eliminate tariffs on most goods traded between them over a ten-year period. The agreement also established rules for the protection of intellectual property, and for the settlement of disputes between the two countries.

The CUSFTA was a significant achievement for both countries, as it created a more open and competitive trading relationship. However, it was also controversial, with critics arguing that it would lead to the loss of jobs in both countries as companies shifted production to take advantage of lower labor costs.

Despite these concerns, the CUSFTA was generally seen as a success, and it laid the groundwork for the even more ambitious NAFTA. Today, Canada and the U.S. have one of the largest and most integrated trading relationships in the world, with over $700 billion in goods and services traded between them each year.

In conclusion, the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement was an important milestone in the economic relationship between Canada and the United States. It created a more open and competitive trading relationship between the two countries, and paved the way for the even more ambitious North American Free Trade Agreement. Despite its controversial nature, the CUSFTA has helped to build one of the most important and successful trading relationships in the world.